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The IRZ does not only support its partner states with Federal Government funds but is also successfully involved in calls for tender of EU programmes and other third-party funded projects. The following types of EU projects are relevant to the IRZ:
Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance ( IPA)
The former EU pre-accession supports PHARE, ISPA, SAPARD and CARDS were replaced by the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) as of 1 January 2007. IPA funded countries are Macedonia, Turkey, Croatia as present EU accession candidate, and the potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo (pursuant to Resolution 1244 of the UN Security Council).
For the Financial Framework 2007-2013, a total of € 11.5 billion is available to IPA. This fund is designed to support the above-mentioned countries in complying with the requirements for EU membership one day, resulting from the acquis communautaire as well as from the Copenhagen criteria. IPA consists of five components:
- Transition assistance and institution building
- Cross-border cooperation
- Regional development
- Human resource development as well as
- Rural development
The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)
The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument ENPI has likewise replaced the former programmes MEDA (for Mediterranean neighbours) and TACIS (for Eastern neighbours and Russia) since 1 January 2007. For the Financial Framework 2007-2013, approximately € 12 billion in EU funding are available to support the reforms of the new EU neighbouring countries in East Europe and the Southern Mediterranean neighbours. This fund is designed to support sustainable development and approximation to EU policies and standards.
The following countries are covered:
- In East Europe: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.
- In the Southern Mediterranean area: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, the Palestinian Authority for the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.
Cross-border cooperation among the countries is strongly supported aiming to establish a joint neighbourhood area based on stability and security.
Additionally, there is the Technical Assistance and Information Exchange instrument TAIEX, which is available to some of the IRZ’s partner countries (EU candidate countries and EU accession countries) which supports the countries with short-term measures covering harmonisation, application and enforcement of EU legislation. The IRZ is able to second short-term experts upon request, in order to convey individually required expert knowledge.
The IRZ organises and manages study trips, seminars, workshops and training events. This assistance is addressed to public and private institutions as well as to authorities and associations which play a key role in the approximation and/or application and enforcement of EU regulations.
The above-mentioned IPA and ENPI tenders or grants are generally open to individual persons who are nationals of EU Member States, nationals of a recipient country within the framework of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument or nationals of a Member State of the European Economic Area, as well as to legal persons with headquarters in these countries. Further information on the tendering conditions are accessible on the homepage of the European Commission.
The IRZ participates in selected tenders of the above-mentioned programmes, provided that they comply with the purpose of the Association pursuant to the IRZ's statutes. In 2011, for instance, the following projects were successfully implemented: For further information and reports on the individual projects please visit our country websites.
- „Support to Criminal Judicial Reforms in Uzbekistan“
- Support to the Penitentiary Reform in Jordan"
- „Euromed Justice III“